The consumption of fruits is very beneficial for your body and health, and one of those beneficial fruits is the fig. This fruit is very tasty and healthy, packed with all sorts of nutrients that promote the general health.
You can always have them at hand if you grow them by yourself, moreover, you will be sure that you are consuming organic and fresh fruits.
Figs require plenty of sun and warm weather, they just cannot stand cold and long winters, and because of that the best conditions are Zone 8 or higher areas.
However, you can plant indoor dwarf varieties of the fig trees, which can thrive on a bit colder climates. These varieties of fig plants grow stronger and quicker in rich, lighter soils. They will thrive successfully in soil depth of 5+ feet having a good drainage.
The optimal soil pH level for figs is 6.0 to 6.5, and the salinity does not have any influence on them. If by any chance they are becoming dried, then this means that your soil needs high lime amounts.
Steps on How to Grow Figs
You can choose seeds, but for optimal effects grow them from cuttings and greenhouse germination. The planted trees need to be about 13 feet apart, fertilized with the ratio of 10-30-10, and trained to grow upright. When they are young it is good that in some part of the day they are on the shade.
For a later harvest in the next year, the fig trees need often cuttings, especially in autumn and winter. In order to stimulate the branching you should manually trim the branches.
These trees grow quickly and will provide you with fruits for the next 12 to 13 years. After this period the production will slowly get reduced.
Figs need to be picked by hand, however the sap of figs has latex which may cause allergies and skin irritations. These skin issues can be prevented providing that while picking you are wearing gloves and long sleeves. Once you have picked your fruits, place them in the shade for a day in order to dry them. These trees can produce more than 360 fruits per year.
The leaves of the figs get easily harmed by cerotelium fici which causes the leaf rust. This happens while rainy seasons which makes the leaves full of spots thus falling off too early and cutting down the yields. This condition cannot get treated and the tree having this condition must be destroyed.
Fig trees are prone to nematodes that reach their base and go deep down into the roots. Therefore, in tropical regions they are planted close to walls and in that way being protected. On the other hand, in commercial orchards they are being protected by heavy mulch. In some areas fig trees can as well as face problems with stem-borers.