The human body can get easily affected by the formation of blood clots which appear in different body areas. These blood clots are not situated at one place, but they can travel from one part of the body to another. However, there are six main body parts where blood clots commonly form like in the leg, arm, lungs, kidneys, abdomen, and even in the heart and brain.
The formation of blood clots
When the wall of a blood vessel is broken as a result of cut, the blood cells known as platelets go straight for the opening. The holes are being closed as the blood contains proteins which allow the pads to stick to the hole. Platelets and proteins create a sticky cap that prevents blood from flowing. This is the natural defense of the body for healing wounds and when they are completely healed the clot dissolves.
Your body can also form blood clots if it produces too much red blood cells or platelets, and this condition is known as hypercoagulability state.
Blood clots can be also formed if you suffer from diabetes, obesity, atherosclerosis, heart failure or cancer as these diseases affect the blood flow and thus the possibility of the formation of blood clots is higher.
The formation of blood clots in different body parts and their symptoms
Symptoms of a blood clot in the leg or arm
These are the most common places for the formation of blood clots. The typical symptoms involve pain, swelling, having the feeling of warmth or skin discoloration.
Symptoms of a blood clot in the lungs
When a blood clot reaches the lungs, then you are dealing with pulmonary embolism. The common symptoms are chest pain, unexpected shortness of breath, breathing issues, fast palpitations or heart rate, and bloody cramps.
Symptoms of a blood clot in the kidneys
When a blood clot forms in the kidneys it may cause blockage of the renal vein thus substantially elevating the blood pressure which can even lead to kidney failure. The accompanied symptoms could be blood in the urine, vomiting or nausea, pain in the side of the legs, thighs, stomach or lower back.
Symptoms of a blood clot in the abdomen
The presence of blood clot in the stomach can be manifested by harsh abdominal pain and swelling.
Symptoms of a blood clot in the heart
The formation of blood clot in your heart can cause a heart attack. Possible symptoms are shortness of breath, dizziness, and chest pain.
Symptoms of a blood clot in the brain
The presence of a blood clot in the brain is known as stroke, and it can cause a sudden and severe headache or speaking or vision issues.
How to protect your body from the formation of blood clots?
Keep under control diseases like diabetes and heart disease. Both health conditions elevate the risk of blood clots.
Quit smoking as this nasty habit damages the blood vessels and cause the platelets more likely to clump together.
Avoid long sitting hours and make sure to stay physically active so that to prevent the buildup of blood in your legs and forming a clot.
Obesity is a risk factor for the formation of blood clots.
Drink plenty of water as not enough fluid in the body will make your blood thicker.
If you have some of the above mentioned symptoms do not hesitate to consult your doctor.